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World Religion – Buddhism
   Wed Feb 12, 2020 7:31 am

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World Religion – Buddhism

Permanent Linkby adriandaley on Wed Feb 12, 2020 7:31 am

Buddhism is one of the oldest religions of the world that has been existing for over 2500 years. To a large extent, it is prevalent in Central, South and South-East Asia, in countries such as India, China, Korea, etc. Approximately 300 million people throughout the world are followers of Buddhism. Since its inception, the philosophy of Buddhism has become the basic principle of life for the inhabitants of most of Asia. In our time, this religion has a significant impact on aspects of social and political life, as well as developing the culture of the peoples of Asia. This paper describes the purpose of life according to Buddhism, the error associated with the existence of man and the solution to this problem, and the influence of Buddhism on the lives of its followers as told by exclusive papers.

Before proceeding to the consideration of issues, it should be noted that, initially, Buddhism was created as a particular worldview, as well as self-improvement and self-learning method. Buddhism has no God that provokes controversial discussions among researchers about whether Buddhism is really a full-fledged religion. The Buddhists have a vision of the meaning of life that they follow. Thus, adherents of Buddhism believe that the main objective of this religion is to eliminate human suffering, which is the result of people’s desires, passions and dreams, as well as avoidance of ignorance, selfishness, and a complete rejection of any material assets. According to Buddhist philosophy, the meaning of life is to attain Nirvana. Nirvana is the complete freedom from desires, suffering, and any attachments along with the lack of their influence on life events. Thanks to Nirvana, Buddhist followers are able to see the illumination, awaken and to know the proper understanding of life in the form it really exists. Nirvana is achieved through meditation, in other words by a combination of spiritual and physical self-improvement. In addition, the concentration of attention and constant self-restraint are supplementary for meditation. Followers of Buddhism seek to comprehend Sunyata and stop afterlife reaching the highest emptiness of mind.

According to Buddhist philosophy, life is a stream of Dharma, the manifestation of which refers to a person and any inanimate object equally. The stream of Dharma tends to disintegrate, and the result of this process is death. In turn, death is only a transition to another life, transportation of the deceased soul to a new physical form that is reincarnation. Another one of the principles and purposes of existence, due to Buddhism, is to spend all life in seclusion, namely this religion recognizes only religious adherents. At the same time, independent life is misleading because a person cannot exist on his/her own in consequence of people’s nature. The life of one person cannot be separated from both the society and nature.

Some Buddhists also believe that Nirvana is an escape of another condition called Samsara. Samsara is a series of rebirths that is a state in which all people are in present. A key feature of Samsara is that a person experiences severe suffering being in it, and continually reborn from one body to another. Simultaneously, the results of past human actions (which are called Karma) influence on subsequent life. Therefore, it is possible to conclude that the main mistake of the existence of humanity is the continuous stay in Samsara, in the cycle of rebirth. This is due to the fact that modern people cannot abandon the wishes and passions and achieve the desired illumination. Buddhists imagine such existence as bleak and quite negative because people are always in a state of dissatisfaction. Therefore, the desire of man is constantly increasing, and the power of Samsara intensifies with it.

Due to Samsara, human life is meaningless as it ends with degeneration and leads to a new life. At the same time, regeneration does not always terminate at the reincarnation of the human soul. The soul can also be transformed into an inanimate object, and this series of rebirths continues indefinitely. Followers of Buddhism seek to free themselves from Samsara and become nothing. This is the only method of solving the problem of misguided human existence. The escape from the agonizing state of Samsara and the transition to the state of spiritual bliss, that is Nirvana, is the main purpose of life for most Buddhists. Reaching Nirvana is due to the ongoing work on consciousness, as well as in the conduct of a righteous life in the world.

Buddhism has a tremendous impact on the daily lives of its followers. Religion reverses the worldview and values. The Buddhist way of life includes right speech, right action and right livelihood as a whole. With these three simple factors, Buddhism adherents create a lifestyle that has excellent conditions for the practice owing to the lack of conflict situations. In addition, the lifestyle of Buddhists contributes to the attainment of the good environment that provides happy future rebirths and makes the exit from Samsara closer. A routine lifestyle of Buddhists can be clearly divided into the monastic path and the path lay. Monks have the opportunity to practice, but the lay followers should financially support the monks and their traditions. Therefore, the existence and practice of the monks are entirely dependent on the lay people. It is believed that the support of the monks from the laity is a great service that is sure to affect the subsequent rebirth.

The life of the Buddhist lay followers is also in compliance with the five rules of moral behavior that suggests that Buddhists should not kill living beings, steal, modify spouse, lead a dissolute way of life, lie, be rude, and use drugs and alcohol. In their spare time, lay people can practice meditation, attend lectures of Buddhist teachers, and visit the monks. In addition, many lay followers of Buddhism make pilgrimages. Buddhists also pay sufficient attention to family life. All Buddhist family unions are guided by the principles of Dharma (i.e. the set of basic rules and regulations), which ensure harmony and respect between spouses, as well. Buddhists also value culture, its study and the contribution to its prosperity. Buddhist artists and architects have created a large number of famous works of art that includes the greatest monuments of architecture and painting today.

To summarize, it should be stated that Buddhism is one of the most ancient religions that has about 300 million followers. Buddhist philosophy focuses on the concepts of rebirth, Nirvana, and Samsara. Buddhism supporters believe that the existence of humankind is flawed due to the fact that modern people pay too much attention to their wishes, following their dreams, passions and so forth. It is a manifestation of a weak hand and leads a person to the Samsara, a vicious circle of rebirth. Buddhists seek to escape from this circle, to find eternal peace called Nirvana. Buddhism has a tremendous impact on the daily lives of its followers, completely changing the worldview and values. Focusing on lifestyle, it is possible to determine the monks and lay followers of Buddhism. In both cases, Buddhists place great emphasis on religion and adhere to the five famous rules.

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